Rabindranath Tagore is Born in Jorasanko Thakurbari in Calcutta. The house belongs to the wealthy and cultured Brahma Brahmin family. The birthday is celebrated as Rabindra Jayanti, and this year the date is 9th May 2o22. Rabindranath’s date of birth in Bengali is ২৫শে বৈশাখ ১২৬৮ (25 se Baisakh), and in English, it’s 7th May 1861. The difference between the English and Bengali calendars is that the date is not fixed every year.
His father was Debendranath Tagore (1817-1905), and his mother was Sarada Sundari Devi (1826-1875). Rabindranath was the 14th son of his parents.
Table of Contents
- Rabindra Jayanti 25 baisakh
- Traveller Rabindranath – Rabindranath Tagore biography
- Rabindranath Tagore childhood
- Rabindranath Tagore school life
- Rabindranath Tagore life history
- Rabindranath Tagore Literature
- Rabindra Bharati University
- Rabindra Tirtha
- Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore
- Rabindra Jayanti utsav celebration
- Death of Rabindranath Tagore
আমি চঞ্চল হে
আমি সুদূরের পিয়াসী
ওগো সুদূর বিপুল সুদূর
তুমি যে বাজাও ব্যাকুল বাঁশরী
Rabindra Jayanti 25 baisakh
25 se Baisakh (in the May month ) is the birthday of Rabindranath Tagore, also called Rabindra Jayanti. Baisakh is a Bengali month according to the Bengali calendar.
Traveller Rabindranath – Rabindranath Tagore biography
From the above lines, we can understand how Rabindranath loved travelling. In his whole life, he travelled much in the country and abroad. In this brief witting, we will focus only on those who travelled enriched him intensively and influenced his philosophy and literary art. Later started from his childhood.
Rabindranath In the Himalayas
Poet’s father, Maharshi Debendranath Tagore, used to visit along in the Himalayas. Rabindranath then was a mare lad, and his father approached Rabi to accompany him in the Himalayas.
Naturally, Rabi was delighted. Eagerly he was waiting for the date of the journey. It was his first tour and far from Jorasanko Tagore’s house. But one of his servants scared him. He said that the train journey was very frightful. You have to hold the handle very firmly. Otherwise, one must be knocked out and not be retraced.
Anyway, at last, the date of the journey had come; he reached Howrah station and boarded the train. He was tensed, very fearful. The train started and ran smoothly, but nothing happened, and Rabi was somewhat disappointed. But that is for a while. Soon the scenery through the window fascinated him, and he was enraptured by his near future tour in the Himalayas.
For some months, he travelled in the Himalayas with his father. This snow-clad massive meditative Himalayas enchanted him, which influenced his future writings.
Rabindranath In Bangladesh
Later in his mature age, for his zamindari job, he travelled extensively to the Easter side of Bengal (now in Bangladesh) in the rivers, mainly in the Padma. This journey was essential for his literary work, which enriched the literature. Travelling in the “Bajra“, he watched the village life of that area. In his city life, he has never seen this sort of life.
From this experience, he started to write stories. It is mentioned that there were no short stories in Indian literature at that time. He wrote one after one splendid short stories. The little joy and sorrow of ordinary village people were the ingredients of these stories. The Response was great. You can find these stories in “Golpogucho“.
Rabindranath in Abroad
He travelled in Europe, America, South America, Russia, and Asian countries. From this experience, he wrote “Europe jatrir diary“, “Russiar chithi” and other books.
He met notable persons like Albert Einstein, Helen Keller, etc. Albert Einstein was his close friend. Poet’s conversation with him was published. Anybody can read this today.
Influenced by travelled in his personal life
At last, I must mention one incident, which is not directly related to travel, but travel took a significant role in healing unbearable sorrow. His younger son was “Shamindranath”, a talented thirteen-year-old who had already written some beautiful poems.
He went to his maternal uncle’s house at Munger during the holidays. There he felt ill. After some days of suffering, suddenly, he passed away. Hearing this news, he went to Munger to do his son’s funeral work.
After completing this work, he returned to Calcutta by train. He was absorbed in great sorry and unbearable shock. It was a full moon night. He was looking through the window; suddenly, a thought came to his mind. Nothing has been changed.
The mood was the same as beautiful before; the trees and the rivers were all the same. The death of his son could not do any harm to the more fantastic world. So, why am I in deep sorrow? I have to recover as soon as possible and take my role in the universe. Gradually he recovered himself and did his work attentively. Only this poet can write these immortal lines.
আছে দুঃখ আছে মৃত্যু
বিরহ দহন লাগে
তবুও শান্তি তবুও আনন্দ
তবুও অনন্ত জাগে
Rabindranath Tagore childhood
His mother died in 1875. Father Debendranath spent most of his life outside Calcutta during the long haul of the countryside. Rabindranath was the son of a wealthy family, yet his childhood was spent in the care of the servants. Rabindranath would have been more comfortable walking around in the Jodhashanko house than in the garden environment of Bolpur and Panihati.
Rabindranath’s initiation ceremony was held in 1873 at the age of eleven. After the ceremony, he went out with his father in the countryside for the first time. At first, they came to Santiniketan. Then after spending some time in Amritsar in Punjab, he visited the worship system of Sikhs. In the end, Devendranath goes to Punjab (currently in the Himachal Pradesh state of India).
During this period in the Bakura bungalow, he learns Sanskrit grammar, English, and astronomy from his father and Starts taking regular general science and history lessons.
Rabindranath Tagore school life
Rabindranath Tagore did not receive any formal school education during his childhood. His education was arranged at home by home tutors. Rabindranath studied for some time in his childhood at Calcutta Oriental Seminary, Normal School, Bengal Academy, and St. Xavier’s Collegiate School. But because of a lack of presence in the school.
Rabindranath Tagore life history
In 1878 only seventeen-year-old Rabindranath went to England for the first time. Rabindranath Tagore’s married life started in 1883, and he got married to Mrinalini Devi. In 1890, Rabindranath started living in the zamindari estate of Shilaidah in eastern Bengal.
In 1901 he established Brahmacharya in Santiniketan in West Bengal and started living there. Mrinalini Devi died In 1902, and this was the saddest moment in his life. Poush Mela in Santiniketan Bolpur is still famous.
In 1905 he joined the anti-partition movement. In 1915, the British Government awarded him the knighthood. But in 1919, he left the title in protest of the murder of JalianwalaBagh. In 1921, he established an organization called Sriniketan for rural development.
Visva-Bharati was officially established in 1923 at Santiniketan. He travelled extensively for a long time and spread the “universal brotherhood” message throughout the world. After a long illness in 1941, he died in the paternal house of Calcutta.
Rabindranath Tagore Literature
Rabindranath’s poetic literature is characterized by dynamism, painting, spiritual consciousness, tradition, nature, humanism, patriotism, philanthropy, romantic beauty, duality, language, rhythm and diversity, and realization. And the progress of the Indian scriptures and public education and western science and art and industry philosophy profoundly influenced his writings.
Through fiction and articles, he published his opinion about society and politics. As a means of social welfare, he expressed his intention to educate rural people and educate poor people of the village.
He protested against social discrimination, untouchability, religious fanaticism, and religious fundamentalism. In the philosophy of Rabindranath, the human family has been specified as the origin of God.
He considered music and dance to be an essential part of education. Rabindranath’s song is one of his best works. His “Sonar Bangla” and “Jana Gana mana Odhi Nayaka Jaya hai” are world-famous; they are the national anthem of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh and the Republic of India.
Rabindranath Tagore started writing poems at the age of eight. In 1874 “Tavitabhodhini Patrika” published his “Wishallas” poem. It was his first published work.
Rabindranath has promoted Bangla literature to the world. And he has brought the “Bangalee” to a great dignified position by promoting Bangla literature worldwide.
Rabindra Bharati University
Ravindra Bharati university was established in 1962 to mark the birth anniversary of Rabindranath Tagore, who was the first Indian and was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature. It is known as a State University dedicated to promoting its ideas and thought of the Rabindranath, humanitarian, social science, art, and culture.
Rabindra Bharati University presents itself as a centre for art education, fine art, language, literature, and social science higher education. Emerald Bower Campus has three headteachers, art, fine arts, and visual arts. In contrast, the original campus, Jodasanko, presented a museum and had a few (art classes like singing, painting, etc.) organized many events like Rabindranath’s birth and death anniversary or annual university convocation ceremony.
Rabindra Tirtha is another tribute for Rabindranath Tagore in Kolkata, newly created in Rajarhat Newtown. The museum enriches with his painting and other beautiful creation. Have a look.
Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore
Rabindranath Tagore was the author of the book Gitanjali. His famous poetry book, Gitanjali, was released in the year 1910. In 1913, Gitanjali (English Translation, 1912), Swedish Academy for the English Translation of poetry, gave Rabindranath Tagore a Nobel prize in literature.
Rabindra Jayanti utsav celebration
The “Rabindra Jayanti” day marks the Rabindranath Tagore birth anniversary, a great scholar and novelist. Rabindra Jayanti celebration event is one of the most important festivals for people in Bengal.
In the memory of the great poet Rabindranath, cultural events and poetry poems are organized all over the city. On this day of Rabindra Jayanti, cultural activities were held on Jorasanko Thakurbari. But now, this is moved to Rabindra Bharati university campus.
Prizes are distributed for music, skits, dramas, traditional songs, and dance performances at the Institute and Theater. Rabindra Jayanti is celebrated in many schools, colleges, clubs, and the best Rabindra sangeets are played along with dance, drama, and other cultural activities.
Rabindranath Tagore’s birth anniversary is remembered with respect and memory. All over West Bengal is celebrated with great enthusiasm on this day, and the Government organizes the celebration as a diverse organization.
Almost all school and college programs are managed based on his literary work. Rabindranath’s songs sang, and his poetry was recited where different programs were held. Various programs from the early morning were held in Jorasanko Tagore Bari, Rabindrabharati university, etc. places in Kolkata.
Death of Rabindranath Tagore
India’s Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore passed away in Kolkata city on 7th August 1941. He was 80 at that time.
Is Rabindra Jayanti a national holiday?
No, Rabindra Jayanti is not a national holiday, But we Bengalis celebrate this day as a national holiday.
What is the date of Rabindra Jayanti?
25th Baisakh in Bengali calendar is the Rabindra Jayanti.
Why do we celebrate Rabindra Jayanti?
We celebrate this day for Rabindranath Tagore’s birthday and his excellent work on literature.