Rabindra Jayanti | 25th Baisakh | Rabindranath Tagore Biography 2022

Rabindranath Tagore is Born in Jorasanko Thakurbari in Calcutta. The house belongs to the wealthy and cultured Brahma Brahmin family. His date of birth Is Tuesday, 7th May 1861 or 25 se Baisakh ১২৬৮ (called Rabindra Jayanti). His father was Debendranath Tagore (1817-1905) and his mother was Sarada Sundari Devi (1826-1875). Rabindranath was the 14th son of his parents.

Rabindra Jayanti 25 baisakh
Rabindra Jayanti – 25 baisakh celibration

আমি চঞ্চল হে

আমি সুদূরের পিয়াসী

ওগো সুদূর বিপুল সুদূর

তুমি যে বাজাও ব্যাকুল বাঁশরী

Rabindra Jayanti celebration Online | 25 se Baisakh

Rabindra Jayanti 25 baisakh

25 se Baisakh (in the May month ) is the birthday of Rabindranath Tagore, also called Rabindra Jayanti. Baisakh is a Bengali month according to the Bengali calendar.

Traveller Rabindranath – Rabindranath Tagore biography

From the above lines, we can understand that how Rabindranath loved travelling. In his whole life, he travelled much in the country, and abroad as well. In this brief witting, we will focus only on those who travelled enriched him intensively and influenced his philosophy and literary art. Later start from his childhood.

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Rabindranath In the Himalayas

Poet’s father Maharshi Debendranath Tagore used to visit along in the Himalayas. Rabindranath then was a mare lad. His father approached Rabi to accompany him in the Himalayas.

Naturally, Rabi was delighted. Eagerly he was waiting for the date of the journey. This was his first tour and far from Jorasanko Tagore’s house. But one of his servants scared him. He told that the train journey is very frightful. You have to hold the handle very firmly, otherwise one is to be knocked out and not to be traced again.

Anyway, at last, the date of the journey has come he reached Howrah station and boarded on the train. He was tensed, very fearful. The train started and ran smoothly but nothing happened and Rabi was somewhat disappointed. But that is for a while. Soon the scenery’s through the window fascinate him much. He was enraptured of his near future tour in the Himalayas.

Some months he travelled in the Himalayas with his father. This snow-clad huge meditative Himalayas enchanted him, which influenced his future writings.

Rabindranath Tagore House in Kolkata | Jorasanko Thakurbari Museum

Rabindranath In Bangladesh

Later in his mature age for his zamindari job he had to travel extensively the Easter side of Bengal (now in Bangladesh) in the rivers mainly in the Padma. This journey was very important for the sake of his literary work which enriched the literature as a whole. Travelling in the “Bajra” we watched eagerly the village life of that particular area. In his city life, he has never seen this sort of life.

From this experience, he started to write stories. It is to be mentioned that there were no short stories in Indian literature at that time. He wrote one after one splendid short stories. The little joy and sorrow of the common village people were the ingredients of these stories. The Response was great. You can find these stories in “Golpogucho”.

Rabindranath in Abroad

He travelled in Europe, America, South America, Russia, and Asian countries. From this experience, he wrote “Europe jatrir diary”, “Russiar chithi” and other books. He met notable persons abroad like Albert Einstein, Helen Keller, and many others.

Albert Einstein was his close friend. Poet’s conversation with him was published. Anybody can read this today.

Influenced by travelled in his personal life

At last, I must mention one incident, which is not directly related to the travel, but travel took a great role to heal is unbearable sorrow. His younger son was “Shamindranath”, a talented boy of thirteen, already he wrote some beautiful poems.

He went to his maternal uncle’s house at Munger in the holidays. There he felt ill. After some days of suffering suddenly he passed away. Hearing this news he went to Munger to do his son’s funeral work.

After completing this work he returned to Calcutta by train. He was absorbed in great sorry and unbearable shock. It was the full moon night. He was looking through the window, suddenly a thought came to his mind. Nothing has been changed.

The mood was the same beautiful as before, the trees, the rivers all are the same. The death of his son could not do any harm to the greater world. So, why am I in deep sorrow? I have to recover myself as soon as possible and take my role in the universe. Gradually he recovers himself and did his job attentively. Only this poet can write these immortal lines.

আছে দুঃখ আছে মৃত্যু

বিরহ দহন লাগে

তবুও শান্তি তবুও আনন্দ

তবুও অনন্ত জাগে

Rabindranath Tagore childhood

His mother died in 1875. Father Debendranath spent most of his life outside Calcutta during the long haul of the countryside. Rabindranath was the son of a wealthy family, yet his childhood was spent in the care of the servants. Rabindranath would have been more comfortable walking around in the Jodhashanko house than in the garden environment of Bolpur and Panihati.

Rabindranath’s initiation ceremony was held in 1873 at the age of eleven. After the ceremony, he went out for the first time with his father in the countryside. At first, they came to Santiniketan.  Then after spending some time in Amritsar in Punjab, he visited the worship system of Sikhs. In the end, Devendranath goes to Punjab (currently in the Himachal Pradesh state of India).

During this period in Bakura bungalow, he learns Sanskrit grammar, English, astronomy, from his father and Starts taking regular lessons in general science and history.

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Rabindranath Tagore school life

Rabindranath Tagore did not receive any formal school education during his childhood. His education was arranged at home by home tutors. Rabindranath studied for some time in his childhood at Calcutta Oriental Seminary, Normal School, Bengal Academy, and St. Xavier’s Collegiate School. But because of a lack of presence in the school.

Rabindranath Tagore life history

In 1878 only seventeen years old Rabindranath went to England for the first time. Rabindranath Tagore’s married life started in 1883, he got married to Mrinalini Devi. Since 1890, Rabindranath started living in the zamindari estate of Shilaidah in eastern Bengal.

In 1901 he established Brahmacharya in Santiniketan in West Bengal and started living there. Mrinalini Devi died In 1902, and this was the saddest moment in his life. Poush Mela in Santiniketan Bolpur is still famous.

In 1905 he joined the anti-partition movement. In 1915, the British Government awarded him the knighthood. But in 1919 he left the title in protest of the murder of JalianwalaBagh. In 1921, he established an organization called Sriniketan for rural development.

Visva-Bharati was officially established in 1923 at Santiniketan. He travelled extensively for a long time and spread the message of “universal brotherhood” throughout the world. After a long illness in 1941, he died in the paternal house of Calcutta.

Shantiniketan tour guide from Kolkata

Rabindranath Tagore Literature

Rabindranath’s poetic literature is characterized by dynamism, painting, spiritual consciousness, tradition, nature, humanism, patriotism, philanthropy, romantic beauty, duality, language, rhythm and diversity, realization. And the progress of the Indian scriptures and public education and western science and art and industry philosophy had a profound influence on his writings.

Through fiction and articles, he published his opinion about society and politics. As a means of social welfare, he expressed his intention to educate rural people and educate poor people of the village.

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In addition to this, he also protested against social discrimination, untouchability, religious fanaticism, and religious fundamentalism. In the philosophy of Rabindranath, the human family has been specified as the origin of God.

He considered music and dance as an essential part of education. Rabindranath’s song is one of his best works. His “Sonar Bangla” and “Jana Gana mana odhi nayaka Jaya hai”, are world-famous, those are the national anthem of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh and the Republic of India respectively.

Rabindranath Tagore started writing poems at the age of eight. In 1874 “Tavitabhodhini Patrika” published his “Wishallas” poem. This was his first published work.

As Rabindranath writes in his writings the life of the Bengali people, as well as the culture. He has promoted Bangla literature to the world. And he has brought the “Bangalee” to a great dignified position by promoting Bangla literature in the world.

Rabindra Bharati University

Ravindra Bharati university was established in 1962 to mark the birth anniversary of Rabindranath Tagore, who was the first Indian and was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature. It is known as a State University, which is dedicated to promoting its ideas and thought of the Rabindranath, humanitarian, social science, art, and culture.

Rabindra Bharati University has the unique feature of presenting itself as a centre for art education, fine art, language, literature, and social science higher education. Emerald Bower Campus has three headteachers, art, fine arts, and visual arts, where the original campus Jodasanko presents a museum and had some few (art classes like singing, painting, etc.) organizes many events like Rabindranath’s birth and death anniversary or annual university convocation ceremony.

Rabindra Tirtha

Rabindra Tirtha is another tribute for Rabindranath Tagore in Kolkata, which is newly created in Rajarhat Newtown. The museum enriches with his painting and other beautiful creation. Have a look.

Rabindra Tirtha auditorium and museum new town Kolkata

Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore

Rabindranath Tagore was the author of the book Gitanjali. His famous poetry book, Gitanjali, was released in the year 1910. In 1913, Gitanjali (English Translation, 1912), Swedish Academy for the English translation of poetry, gave Rabindranath Tagore a Nobel prize in Literature.

Rabindra Jayanti utsav celebration

The day called “Rabindra Jayanti” marks the Rabindranath Tagore birth anniversary, a great scholar and novelist. Rabindra Jayanti celebration event is one of the most important festivals for people in Bengal.

In the memory of the great poet-Rabindranath, cultural events and poetry poems are organized all over the city. On this day of Rabindra Jayanti, cultural activities were held on Jorasanko Thakurbari. But now this is moved to Rabindra Bharati university campus.

Prizes are distributed that music, skits, dramas, traditional songs, and dance performances at the Institute and Theater.

Rabindra Jayanti is celebrated in many schools, colleges, clubs, and the best Rabindra sangeets are played along with dance, drama, and other cultural activities.

Rabindranath Tagore’s birth anniversary is remembered with respect and memory. All over West Bengal is celebrated with great enthusiasm on this day. The celebration is organized by the government as a diverse organization.

Almost all school and college programs are managed based on his literary work. Rabindranath’s song sang and his poetry was recited where different programs were held. Various programs from the early morning were held in Jodasanko Tagore Bari, where he was born.

Death of Rabindranath Tagore

India’s Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore passed away in Kolkata city on 7th August 1941. He was 80 at that time.

**I found an awesome trip from my friend Maniparna. Please  check SHANTINIKETAN, THE ABODE OF PEACE

Is Rabindra Jayanti a national holiday?

No, Rabindra Jayanti is not a national holiday. We Bengalis celebrate this day as a national holiday.

What is the date of Rabindra Jayanti?

25th Baisakh in Bengali calendar is the Rabindra Jayanti.

Why do we celebrate Rabindra Jayanti?

We celebrate this day for Rabindranath Tagore’s birthday and his excellent work on literature.

rabindra jayanti jorasanko map
Rabindra Jayanti Jorasanko map
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