Do you want to be part of the Rath Jatra? Here, I share the top 10 Rath yatra events detail in India and other countries that organize every year. It is a Hindu festival associated with Lord Jagannath and one of the most famous festivals of India. The main carnival performed in Odisha. Other countries like New York, Japan, London, Prague, South Africa etc., also celebrate Jagannath rath yatra with love.
Table of Contents
- Rath Yatra History
Top 14 Jagannath Rath yatra in Puri India and Abroad
- 1. Puri Shri Jagannath Rath Yatra – The cart festival 2022
- Description of 3 chariots of rath yatra
- Duration of Jagannath rath yatra ceremony
- Ending of Jagannath rath yatra
- Interesting Facts about Puri Rath yatra festival
- 2. Baripada Rath Yatra
- Rath Yatra in West Bengal
- 3. ISCKON Rath Yatra in Kolkata
- Kolkata Ratha yatra route
- 4. Hare Krishna Ratha yatra in Mayapur Iskcon
- 5. Mahesh Ratha Yatra in Hooghly District
- How to reach Mahesh Ratha Yatra in Hooghly District
- 6. Mahishadal Ratha Yatra in East Midnapore District
- How to reach Mahishadal Ratha Yatra
- 7. Guptipara Rath Yatra
- The famous temples of Guptipara
- 8. Rajbalhat Ratha Yatra
- 9. Keonjhar Rath Yatra
- 10. Rath Yatra (Ahmedabad)
- 11. Durban, South Africa Rath Yatra
- 12. Prague, Czech Republic Rath Yatra
- 13. New York Ratha Yatra
- 14. Ratha yatra London
Rath Yatra History
In the 12th century, king Chodagan Dev built the Jagannath Puri shrine, using the Kalinga style of architecture. Rath Yatra is celebrated to honor Queen Gundicha’s devotion. She was the wife of King Indradyumna, who consecrated Lord Jagannath in Puri. Lord Jagannath was pleased and promised to visit her palace (now Gundicha temple) once every year.
The celebration begins on the Dwitiya (second) day of Sukala Pakhya (moon’s waxing cycle) in Ashadh month (Odia calendar’s third month). Shri Jagannath Ji (tenth incarnation of Lord Vishnu) along with Balabhadra Ji (his brother) and Subhadra Ji (his sister) ride to their aunt’s home in separate chariots. Idols of the gods are removed from the main temple of Puri in a ceremonial procession. They are placed in their colorfull chariots, drawn by thousand’s of devotees.
The chariots leave for Gundicha Temple (three kilometers from Puri). During its journey, the chariot of Lord Jagannath waits near Bhakta Salabega’s (a Muslim devotee) cemetery to pay tribute.
On their way back, the chariots stop for a while at Mausi Maa Temple (their aunt’s home). There they are offered Poda Pitha (a type of pancake), a favourite of Lord Jagannath. After seven days, the gods travel back and return to their home at Puri temple.
Rath Yatra significance
Rath Yatra is an important Hindu festival. It’s celebrated by worshipping Lord Jagannath (world’s ruler), Balabhadra Ji (his brother), and Subhadra Ji (his sister). For the Yatra, three big wooden chariots are made from neem trees. The festival symbolizes unity, peace, and brotherhood. Devotees from every part of the country take part in the Yatra. They believe that pulling the Lord’s chariot will bring them good fortune, wealth, and pleasure.
The Yatra is significant for a person who wants spiritual merit and liberation. It’s a belief that pulling (or even touching) the rope of the chariot frees a person from several penances.
Rath Yatra rituals
- Chhera Pamhara ritual
- Ritual of pulling the chariots
- Hera Panchami
- Sandhya Darshan
- Bahuda yatra
- Suna Besha
- Adhara Pana
- Niladri Bije
Chhera Pamhara ritual
Gajapati Maharaj performs the Chhera Pamhara ritual (mopping of chariots with a golden broom). After boarding them in their respective chariots, the deities are decorated with “Malachula” and “Besha.” Maharaj is bought in a Tamjan (palanquin) from Shreenhara (palace of the king). He offers camphor in a golden Diya (lamp) to the deities. Gajapati sweeps the floor of the chariot with a golden broom and sprays sandal paste.
Ritual of pulling the chariots
After Chhera Pamhara, the chariots are tied to wooden idols of horses. The trumpets are blown, and sevakas beat gongs. Ratha Dahuk (jester) sings songs and motivates people to pull the chariots towards Gundicha Temple. Lord Jagannath, Lord Balabhardra, and Devi Subhadra are taken inside the temple by Daitapati (Brahmin priest). They are placed on their Simhasana (throne). For seven days, all rituals similar to Srimandir (Jagannath temple, Puri) are performed in Gundicha Temple.
Hera Panchami is celebrated on the 6th day of Asadha Shukla (full moon). It’s also called the “Goddess Lakshmi ritual.” As per the legends, Goddess Lakshmi expresses her anger to Lord Jagannath. When Lord Jagannath, along with his siblings and Sudarsana (divine weapon), goes on an outing, leaving her behind.
Devi Lakshmi visits Gundicha temple as Subarna Mahalakshmi and threatens the Lord to return soon. To please her, Lord Jagannath offers “Agyan Mala ‘’ (consent garland). On seeing the goddess angry, the main gates of Gundicha Temple are closed. Mahalakshmi returns to Srimandir through Nakachana gate.
In another ritual, goddess Lakshmi hides behind a tamarind tree outside Gundicha. She orders her attendant to damage a part of the Lord’s chariot. After that, Mahalakshmi escapes to the main temple through Hera Gohri Lane (secret path).
At first, this ritual was celebrated by chanting mantras. Raja Kapilendra, during his reign, made a golden idol of Goddess Lakshmi to make the ritual more realistic.
Sandhya darshan means getting a glimpse of the deities during the evening. This ritual is performed before Bahuda Yatra (return car festival). Seeing Lord Jagannath and his siblings in the evening gives unlimited bliss to the devotees.
Bahuda Yatra is moving the chariot towards the south. On Dashmi of Ashadh Shukla, “Dakshinabhimukhi Yatra” (journey towards south) or Bahuda Yatra is celebrated. Rituals like “ Senapatalagi”, “ Mangalarpana”, “Bandapana”, etc are performed.
The three chariots visit Mausi Maa Mandir (their aunt’s home). There, they are offered Poda Pitha (a type of pancake). After that, chariots of Balabhadra and Subhadra move forward and are stationed at Singhadwara. Nandighosha (Lord Jagannath’s chariot) is stationed at Shreenahara. A palanquin carries Goddess Lakshmi to that place. Then “Dahapati ‘’ and “Lakshmi Narayan Bheta” rituals are performed there.
Suna Besha is the adornment of deities with gold ornaments. It’s the last phase of the Gundicha Yatra. The ritual is performed on Shukla Ekadasi in front of Lion’s gate.
Adhara Pana is a special sweet drink offered to the deities. The drink is prepared by mixing cheese, milk, sugar, and spices. This ritual is performed on the Dwadashi (twelfth lunar day) of Ashadha Shukla. It’s offered after noon-meal and is followed by Sodasha Upachara (16 forms of worship).
Niladri Bije, the last phase of Sri Gundicha Yatra, falls on the 13th day of Ashadha Shukla. Lord Jagannath, with his siblings, return to the main temple in a ceremonial procession. He offers Rasgulla sweets to Goddess Lakshmi for entering the temple. The day marks the end of Rath Yatra.
Why Jagannath Rath Yatra celebrated?
They celebrate this festival in the memory of Lord Jagannath. He is one of the ten incarnations of Vishnu. Fifteen days after his annual bath, they bring him out. Lord Jagannath placed on a Rath or car with his elder brother Balabhadra and his sister Subhadra.
The holy chariot is ready to go to Jagannath’s “Masir Bari“. Here Jagannath rests for a week. After that, devotees continue with their offerings to god for a week. It comes after a week of Jagannath’s return from his ‘Masir bari’, and Balabhadra and sister Subhadra will come back to their temple.
How Odisha Ratha Jatra celebrated?
On this occasion, Lord Jagannath’s statue is placed in a gorgeous chariot made of wood, and it has 16 wheels. They have statues of his elder brother Balabhadra and sister Subhadra. The chariot passes through the major markets of Orissa city.
The chariot stands for a week on the banks of the Ganges. In the meantime, the devotees offer their prayers and offer various kinds of offerings. After one week, the resumption begins, and in the same way, they reproduce the idols and bringing the chariot to the main temple. It’s called ‘ulto rath ‘.
Top 14 Jagannath Rath yatra in Puri India and Abroad
- Puri Shri Jagannath Rath
- Baripada Rath Yatra
- ISCKON Rath Yatra in Kolkata
- Hare Krishna Ratha yatra in Mayapur Iskcon
- Mahesh Ratha Yatra in Hooghly District
- Mahishadal Ratha Yatra in East Midnapore District
- Guptipara Rath Yatra
- Rajbalhat Ratha Yatra
- Keonjhar Rath Yatra
- Rath Yatra (Ahmedabad)
- Durban, South Africa Rath Yatra
- Prague, Czech Republic Rath Yatra
- New York Ratha Yatra
- Ratha yatra London
1. Puri Shri Jagannath Rath Yatra – The cart festival 2022
Every year Puri celebrate the Rath Yatra/ Bahuda Tour on the ‘Shukla Tithi’ of the Bengali month of “Asar” and in June of English celebrate in puri.
This year on 1st July 2021 Shri Jagannath will celebrate in the Rath Yatra / Bahuda tour in Puri. But due to covid, the no big procession, only medically fit priests can join this ceremony.
Well decorated, colourful designed, these chariots look like a temple. In the same street, they travel one by one; they call the place Baddand. Gundicha Temple (Masir bari) is 2 Km from the main Jagannath temple, from where this chariot begins.
On regular days, only Hindu’s are allowed to enter the Jagannath temple. An only festive day, people from every caste and other countries see the Lord. Entire world devotees and pilgrims come to be a part of the chariot festival. The prime wishes of the pilgrims are to touch and pull the rope of the holy chariot.
During this chariot journey, so much crowd that anyone can even know. But, even so, people reach the rope’s rope regardless of their life and finding themselves to be happy.
With the three chariots of Shri Jagannath Rath Yatra, they make the three chariots for Jagannath, Balram, Subhadra every new year. These three chariots were decorated uniquely and decorated with bright red and yellow, blue, and black flags. The decoration is done on the temple’s main gate (the Lenghar) on the temple’s east side.
Description of 3 chariots of rath yatra
- Nandighosa Rath
Nandighosa Rath is the name of Lord Jagannath’s chariot. It is also called caricature and Kaplagwaza. In this, Madan Mohan is given with God.
- Clothing colour – Red and Yellow colour
- Rakhwala – Garuda
- Name of Sarathi – Baru
- Flag (flag) – trilokyamohini
- Horses – Shankha, Balahankha, Suwayta, Haridas
- Rope – Shankhachuda Naguni
- Chairing of nine deities – Varah, Gobardhan, Krishna (Gopi Krishna), Nursingha, Ram, Narayana, Thikrikrama, Hanuman, Rudra
- Talwjaja rath
The name of Lord Balabhadra’s chariot is called Talvwaja, Nangalwaja.
- Total wheel-14
- Clothing colours – red, blue-green cloth
- Rakhwala – Basudev
- Name of Sarathi – Matalee
- Flag (flag) – Avadhani
- Horses – Tribur, Ghorra, Dargasharma, Swarnavan
- Rope – Basuki Naga
- Chairmen of nine deities – Ganesh, Kartikeya, Saramangala, Prahlembari, Hatayudha, Girirajay, Natwar, Mukteshwar, Sheeshdeva
- Darpadalana rath
Subhadra Devi’s chariot mane is Dharadalna, Devadhan, Padmavaj. In the chariot, goddess Subhadra gives goodness.
- Total wheel-12
- Clothing colour – red, black colour
- Rakhawala – Jaidurga
- The name of the surname – Arjun
- Flag (flag) – Nadambika
- Horses – Rocica, Mochica, Won, Aparajita
- Rope – Golden Nuggets Naguni
- Subhadra Devi Surrounded by nine deities – Chandi, Chamunda, Ugrata, Vanadurga, Shulidurga, Varanhi, Shyamalkali, Mangla, Vimala.
Duration of Jagannath rath yatra ceremony
Rath Yatra is celebrated for seven days in puri. The ceremony starts from the temple by installing Lord Jagannath, Balabhadra, and Subhadra on the chariot.
It continues till the day of his return, and after one week, the statues were restored and reposing in the temple. Puja and Archana, and Hari Sankirtan are continued in this period. Brahmin and beggars are fed up, and Downers are donated clothes and food.
In the procession of Rath Yatra, there is an immense crowd of people on both sides of the road. Everyone wants to see the idol of god in the chariot and get the blessings. Throughout the entire path, there is raining flowers on chariots.
Ending of Jagannath rath yatra
The Jagannath temple is one specimen of ancient architecture. Special police arrangements are being made to investigate accidents. Police officers stay on the spot to direct the police activities. It’s a unique sample of ancient architecture. On this occasion, special arrangements are made to control heavy crowds in puri.
Interesting Facts about Puri Rath yatra festival
- Rath Yatra is a very mythological festival, and we celebrate it in India and other countries of the world. This festival is especially famous in Dublin, New York, Toronto and Laos.
- “Poda Peetha” is one of the main desserts of this festival which is very famous.
- Three gods Jagannath, Balabhadra and Subhadra, are decorated with 208 kg of gold.
- During the British rule, the celebration of Jagannath Rath Yatra was called Juggernaut because of its large and weighty chariots.
- Every time the Rath Yatra has been celebrated, every time it has been rained all the time.
- Jagannath temple is the only temple in the world where the stupa or statue of the god is pulled out of the temple.
- All three chariots are made completely new every year at the time of this Ratha yatra..
2. Baripada Rath Yatra
Baripada Rath Yatra, the 2nd most popular after Puri, is known as Dwitiya Srikshetra. In AD 1575, the first Rath Yatra was celebrated at Baripada. This Rath Yatra is popular because only women pull the chariot of Devi Subhadra. Women first pulled the chariot on 1st international women’s day in 1975.
Baripada has two temples dedicated to Lord Jagannath. The bigger one arranges three chariots for taking the deities to Gundicha temple. Banthia Jagannath (dwarf god), the smaller temple, organizes one chariot to carry the deities. Only children pull the chariot at Banthia Jagannath Temple.
Thousands of people gather at Baripada to pull the chariots on Bada-danda (grand road). They decorate the chariots with pure cotton and chandua (a type of fabric).
Rath Yatra in West Bengal
In West Bengal and Kolkata, during this festival, regional fairs are held in every locality. Some of the most widely known Ratha Yatra in West Bengal is:-
- Iskcon Kolkata rath yatra or Rashbehari Ratha Yatra
- Iskcon Mayapur rath yatra
- Mahesh Ratha Yatra in Hooghly District
- Mahishadal Ratha Yatra in East Midnapore District
- Guptipara Ratha Yatra
- Rajbalhat Ratha Yatra
3. ISCKON Rath Yatra in Kolkata
Kolkata’s Rath Jatra Festival is the second largest Rath Yatra festival in the world. About 100 years ago, the most memorable monk from Calcutta, “Srila Prabhupada”, organized the Rath Jatra festival in Kolkata when he was only six years old.
After 70 years, he again organized this festival in Calcutta in 1972. The year 1972 was July 12, Wednesday, and it was about 2 pm. When the huge chariots carry Lord Jagannath, Lord Baldev and Subhadra Devi were drawn from the Radha Govinda temple in Kolkata, from 3C Albert Road. Beautifully arranged, the huge chariot and Lord Jagannath’s idol was about 30 feet tall and were a perfect replica of Orissa’s Jagannath Puri.
The chariot crosses through Camac Street, Park Street, Chaurangi, Chittaranjan Avenue, and Mahatma Gandhi Road. Finally, the chariot arrives at the Radha Govinda Temple at Thakurbari of the Mallik’s family. People were ridden on the road to see a glimpse of this glorious event.
At the end of the 5-hour journey, reaching the house at 7 am, Mallik’s Thakurbari. The Lord was garlanded, and the women offered fruit and sweet to the Lord in the Silver Plate. Thus, the Rath Yatra festival was celebrated for seven days in Mallik’s Thakurbari.
Kolkata Ratha yatra route
After the procession starts from Albert road, Minto park – Sarat Bose road – Hazra – Exide more – and finished in Brigade Parade Ground. A “Mela” will be held on Brigade Parade Ground for seven days.
The Ulta rath starts from Brigade Parade ground and covers Esplanade – Lelin Sarani – C.I.T. Road Shakespear Sarani – Hungerford Street – Minto park.
Contact – 03340403300
4. Hare Krishna Ratha yatra in Mayapur Iskcon
The Mayapur Iskcon devotees celebrate Jagannath Rath Jatra on Gaura Purnima. Here the idol of Lord Jagannath, Baldev and Subhash will sit in the three different chariots. The chariots took out a massive procession from the Iskcon Jagannath temple Rajapur to the Chandradaya temple at Mayapur.
The most promising feature of the Mayapur rath yatra is that equality and integration become a symbol because people from different communities participate enthusiastically. It has been a practice for several years in Mayapur, there is no segregation of caste, religion, community, and many people join in this Ratha Yatra.
The preparation and planning of the festival begin on the day of the Akshaya Tritiya. Since then, over 100 devotees are spending the night and the day and work extremely hard for the Ratha Yatra festival. Therefore, the inauguration of the festival will start in the morning.
The devotees will be decorated with the chariot with colourful flowers, necklaces, flags, lamps, etc. Then, in the afternoon, the students of the Gurukula are chanted Vedic Mantra, and they carried the idol and place them to their respective cars – Taladwaja of Lord Baladeva, Devadanala of Subhadra Devi and Nandighosa of Lord Jagannath
How to reach Mayapur rath yatra
Reach Mayapur By train from Howrah or Sealdah station to Krishnanagar and then take a bus or book auto/toto.
From Howrah railway station
Take Intercity express, around 3:15 pm from Howrah. It reaches Nabadwip Dham at around 5:15 pm. The second option is you get local train Howrah and which pass through Nabadwip Dham. It takes about 3 hours to reach Nabadwip.
From Nabadwip Dham station, take a rickshaw to Mayapur Ghat and cross the Ganga River and reach Hular Ghat at Mayapur. Take a rickshaw to come to ISKCON’s Mayapur Chandrodaya Mandir.
But it is better to get down at Bishnupriya Halt Station, which is nearer to Mayapur Ghat.
From Sealdah station
Take Krishnanagar local or Katwa local and get down to the Krishnanagar Jn station. To reach Krishnanagar by express train takes about two hours, and on the local train, it will take two-and-a-half hours.
You can also take Katwa local and get down to the Nabadwip Dham station. Then, by rickshaw, reach Mayapur ferry ghat, cross the river and take another rickshaw to come to the ISKCON’s Mayapur Chandrodaya Mandir.
From Krisnanagar, you can catch a rickshaw to go to the bus terminal and catch a bus to ISKCON Mayapur. Or, you can get into an auto to go to Mayapur Ghat in Swarup Ganj, get on a boat to cross over the Jalangi river to reach Hular Ghat at Mayapur. Then take a rickshaw to come to ISKCON Mayapur.
Reach Mayapur By bus
Iskon Kolkata branch provides A.C. and non-AC buses service. The bus runs a week thrice, on Fridays, Saturdays and Sundays. The bus takes tourists from the Kolkata ISKCON temple straight to Sri Mayapur.
For more info – 033 64588777, 033 32488041, +91-3330-289258.
Iskcon Kolkata centre also provides cars for hire, 033 64588777.
5. Mahesh Ratha Yatra in Hooghly District
Mahesh is in the main centre of the Jagannath shrine today and India’s second oldest “Rath Jatra”, or the festive home after puri. It’s the oldest chariot festival in Bengal. Devotes take the chariot to the Lord’s garden house towards the north of the Mahesh and returns it to its original place after eight days. A huge fair is held on this occasion. Since 1397, the chariot has been constantly renovated every year.
This year Mahesh’s Rath Jatra has been completed 623 years on July 04. There is a mention of the Rath Yatra in Bankim Chandra’s ‘Radharani’ story. Chaitanyadev himself came here to the chariot festival.
Organizers of Jagannath Mandir organized this event. Four hundred years after the festival began, in 1797, the grandfather of Balram Basu, the famous disciple of Sri Ramkrishna Dev, donated a chariot of Sri Krishna Naram Basu temple. In 1835, his son Guruparup Basu renewed the chariot. But a fire destroyed this chariot.
Kali Chand Bose created another chariot in 1825, but it is abandoned when someone commits suicide. Bishamma Basu made another chariot in 1857, but it was also burnt down.
The current chariot is probably a chariot donate by Dewan Krishna Chandra Bose of Martin Burn Company. It is still alive because it’s made with iron. It is 45 feet long and is built in the traditional “non-nominal” style of Bengal. The 45 feet chariot has ten wheels and nine turrets. A big fair is set up during the festival and continues for one month.
How to reach Mahesh Ratha Yatra in Hooghly District
Train from Howrah to Sreerampur and take an auto to Mahesh.
Then, by car, take the G.T. Road to Mahesh.
Time: Mahesh Rath Yatra starts at about 3 pm.
6. Mahishadal Ratha Yatra in East Midnapore District
Mahishadal in East Midnapore and famous for the chariot festival of West Bengal. The Mahisadal wooden chariot is called the world’s highest Rath (chariot). The wooden Rath height is 75 feet. In 1766, the Mahisdal rath yatra was started by the Rani Janaki Devi. There are several changes in the chariot, but its primary structure has been in the same position for the last 242 years.
The walls of the chariot are brightly painted and decorated with small statues. The vast chariot is on 36 wheels.
Mahishadal Rath Jatra started at around 3 am. But it is suitable to reach earlier because the vehicle road is closed for a few hours before. So arrive as early as possible to the get opportunity to explore Mahishadal Rath Jatra.
Mahishadal Rath Jatra organizes a “Mela” (Fair), where all kinds of accessories were sold. Rotha Jatra was inaugurated by local King Hariprasad Garg. The queen (king) came to a palanquin to start the first tug in the chariot. Gunshots marked the opening and continued in the whole Ratha yatra.
Ratha is pulled by four thick ropes, one of which is reserved for women. The chariot is pulled through a muddy and slippery land, and we believe it to be a miracle that the incident goes without a stamp. But, of course, the chariot puller has to follow some instructions.
The volunteer who stands high on the chariot with a red and green flag shows stop them at one point and push it, respectively. To celebrate the ceremony, Young people playing with mud, threw dirt on each other and played an active role in the chariot festival. The entire program was monitored by the local volunteer and N.N.C. cadets with the India Rescue Clash.
How to reach Mahishadal Ratha Yatra
- By car Kolkata -> Mecheda -> Nandakumar -> Mahishadal.
- By train Howrah -> Panskura -> Satish Samanta Halt.
Both distances are over 100 km and took around 3 hours.
Ratha Yatra Time
The Ratha Yatra begins at 3 pm.
7. Guptipara Rath Yatra
Hooghly Zilla Guptipara (Prantik Station towards East Bardhaman District) Rath Yatra is one of the ancient rath yatras of West Bengal. Guptipara Rath Yatra is old and famous as Puri, Mahesh, Iskon. This year the 279th year of Rath Yatra is being celebrated on July 04. The first thing about Guptipara is that Guptipara’s huge and colourful chariots. It is entirely a Vaishnav centre. Here Rath Jayatra (Rath festival) is the major festival and prime attraction.
While coming to see the Guptipara Rath Yatra, you can look at the many ancient terracotta temples here.
The famous temples of Guptipara
Brindaban Chandra Math and Mandir campus next to Jagannath Dev’s house.
There are 4 temples
- Brindaban Temple
- Ram Chandra Mandi
- Krishna Chandra Mandi
- Chaityano Dev Temple
(Among them, Brindaban Chandra and Krishna Chandra Mandir are “Atchala” Temple and Ram Chandra Temple “Ak Chala”, and those temples made with terracotta work. Chaitanya Dev Mandir is the oldest ancient temple.)
2) Desh Kali Bari
3) Banglar Prachinotomo (Oldest) Baroyari: Bindho Basini Jagadhatri Baroyari
4) Jagannath Dev of Masir bari (Auntie house)
How to reach Guptipara Rath Yatra
- Boarding from Howrah railway station or Bandel railway Jn. and arrive in Guptipara station, it’s just before the Ambika Kalna railway station.
- You can also reach Guptipara from Santipur by crossing the river Ganga, which is in Nadia district. Feri or launch service is available here.
- Santipur is well connected with Krishna Nagar station and Santipur station. Regular bus service is also available.
You can visit entire places in Guptipara by a toto within 3 to 4 hours. All the places like Guptipara, Ambika Kalna, Mayapur are just a little distance.
8. Rajbalhat Ratha Yatra
Rajbalhat Rath Jatra is famous as the other festivals in West Bengal. In Rajbalhat, the Radhakanta temple was built in 1733 at Gtatakpara. Ghatkapara Radhakanta Temple is renowned for the Rath Jatra.
There is a unique feature of Rajbalhat’s chariot yatra. Here carry instated statues of Jagannath, Balaram and Suvadra; they have Radha Krishna statues.
Now Rath Jatra organized the Rajbalat School Committee, and a large fair was held at the school grounds. Fairs sell home decor items, and there is a great variety of mouthwatering food.
How to reach Rajbalhat Ratha Yatra
From Howrah railway station take Tarakeswar local for Haripal. It will take one hour. After reaching Haripal, you can avail bus or trekker for Rajbalhat. It’s a 30-minute journey.
Another option is to take a bus from Dharmatala Sahid Minar Bus Terminus and reach Rajbalhat directly. It will take around 2 hours.
9. Keonjhar Rath Yatra
As per legends, king Laxminarayan Bhanj saw the location of the idol of Sri Baldev Jew in his dream. He went to the banks of Baitarani and found it. King Bhanj enshrined the idol on a huge rock in 1961. Years later, a temple was built there by Raja Gopal Sandha of Kujang. Rath Yatra has been celebrated in the area since then.
Keonjhar Temple is the oldest temple in Odisha. It’s at Old town in Keonjhar city. There are many small temples inside. The temple is a famous pilgrimage place in Keonjhar. The Rath Yatra is popular because of its 72 feet tall chariot of Lord Jagannath. It’s even taller than the chariot of Jagannath in Puri (45.6 feet).
Earlier, the tribal people conducted Jhinka Bibah (unique marriage) during Rath Yatra. While dancing, they used to select their partner and put vermilion on their forehead. However, this tradition has become extinct now.
10. Rath Yatra (Ahmedabad)
Jagannath temple Ahmedabad organizes the Rath Yatra every year. It’s the third-largest Yatra and is celebrated as Lokotsav (public festival). According to legend, Lord Jagannath appeared in dreams of mahant Narasimha Das Ji. After that, he started celebrating Rath Yatra on every Ashadh-Sud-Bi (beginning of rainfall). The Khalas caste devotees build chariots from coconut trees.
Two days before the Rath Yatra, the “Netrotsav ritual” (rituals of eyes) is performed. It’s a belief that the deities overeat “Jamun” (Indian, blackberry) and “Baur” (plum). Due to which they suffer from conjunctivitis. Hence, their eyes are covered with cloth, and “Netrotsav Puja” is performed.
On Rath Yatra, “Mangal Aarti” is performed, and raths are carried out. The Chief Minister of Gujarat performs the “Vidhi ritual” (cleaning the path for Yatra).
11. Durban, South Africa Rath Yatra
The Hare Krishna Movement started the first Rath Yatra in Durban. Sri Sri Radha Radhanath temple conducts all rituals related to Rath Yatra. Durban, South Africa, celebrated its 34th Rath Yatra.
The festival introduces Vedic traditions in western countries. Chariots decked with Hindu gods are hauled in the city. Rath Yatra (chariot festival) symbolizes harmony and peace. Devotees believe that pulling the rope of chariots is honourable. Thousands of people gather and celebrate Rath Yatra in Durban together.
12. Prague, Czech Republic Rath Yatra
Rath yatra is celebrated worldwide. The Czech Republic will celebrate this traditional Indian festival on September 5th. The parade departs at noon from Republic Square to Prague center streets. Organizers try to create a joyful atmosphere for all classes and ages. Their primary aim is to popularize Indian culture.
After the parade, other cultural events will run on stage from 15:00 to 20:00. Prague organizes Vedic exhibitions based on human existence and Vedic philosophies.
People can enjoy gluten-free and vegan snacks at the Damodara.CZ and Jamuna.CZ e-shop. They arrange a tent serving a vegetarian menu for all visitors for free. GovindaButik.CZ e-shop offers spices, gift items, clothing, etc., from India. There will also be a corner for children and creative work. The BBT bookstand offers henna painting and talking to the monks.
13. New York Ratha Yatra
Since 1976, this annual Jagannath Rath Jatra festival is celebrated by Hare Krishna fans in the heart of New York City.
On July 09 1967, San Francisco started the first “Rath yatra” outside of India. The Rath Yatra was started by Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada (founder of ISKCON). Today the Ratha Yatra is celebrated throughout the world like London, Paris, New York, Durban, Rome, etc.
The Rath Yatra Festival was held at Washington Square Park, followed by 2 pm to 7 pm. You can enjoy free, delicious vegetarian food prepared by the Hare Krishna devotees. You can also enjoy cultural events like Bharat-Natyam Dance, dramas, Hare Krishna Bhajans-Kirtans, and lots more at the festival.
New York Ratha Yatra Parade and Festival Information
- The Rath Yatra start approx. At 11.am.
- The three chariots will move from 45th Street, Fifth Avenue down (S.E. corner) to Washington Square Park.
14. Ratha yatra London
Rath Yatra is celebrated all over the world. Pilgrims and devotees organized a massive procession for the Ratha yatra. They made substantial wooden chariots for the Deities and all the chariots were pulled by hand.
After the procession, a beautiful celebration with a feast, tearing and chanting distribution of books, and more.
The procession begins: South Carriage Drive, noon from Hyde Park
The parade ends: 2 pm at Trafalgar Square
Festive ends: 5 in Trafalgar Square
Do not forget to enjoy complimentary water and free vegetarian food when you visit Trafalgar Square.
Most welcome for the procession and enjoy being among the Lord’s Jagannath and His devotees.
How old is Rath yatra?
Rath Yatra is about 464 years old. It is mainly held on puri, in June every year.
When did Rath Yatra start?
Rath Yatra was started in the year 1968. Every religion of people takes part in this event.
Why do we celebrate Rath Yatra?
Every year we celebrate the rath yatra by praying god Jagannath-Balram-Subhadra. This festival is held for the journey of Lord Jagannath Dev to his aunt’s house.
What number of years passed of Rath Yatra in Jagannath Puri?
Rath yatra was started approx 464 years ago in puri.